Why are syphilis cases rising in the United States? The CDC report refers to the coronavirus
The United States has a growing problem with sexually transmitted diseases.
Syphilis cases in 2022 rose to the highest level since 1950, according to a new report, released Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2022, a total of 207,255 cases of syphilis were reported in the United States, according to the CDC report. Total syphilis cases increased by 16.9%, as the rate of reported cases increased from 53.2 per 100,000 in 2021 to 62.2 per 100,000 in 2022.
Of particular concern is that congenital syphilis, which occurs when a mother with syphilis passes the infection to her baby during pregnancy, rose 30.6% with more than 3,700 cases in 2022.
“We have known for a long time that these infections are common, but we have never encountered such severe effects of the disease,” said Dr. Laura Bachman, acting director of the Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention at the CDC’s National Center for HIV and Viral Hepatitis. Al-Zahri for decades. Sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis prevention, in a statement accompanying the report. “It has emerged as a unique public health challenge.”
The report revealed some good news. While chlamydia and gonorrhea account for more cases than syphilis — and syphilis is considered more serious — rates of these sexually transmitted diseases have declined or remained stable.
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The incidence of the most common STI, chlamydia, remained unchanged in 2022 with 1.6 million cases reaching 495 cases per 100,000 people – similar to the rate in 2021 of 495.5 per 100,000 in 2021. Chlamydia increased by 1.8% Among men, while the CDC said: 1.8% among women.
Gonorrhea declined for the first time since 2009: total cases fell by 9.2% in 2022 to about 648,000. The largest decrease occurred among women (a decrease of 14.5%), according to the report.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Young people, especially men, are more susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases
The CDC found that teens and young adults ages 15 to 24 accounted for half (49.8%) of reported cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Gay and bisexual men were also more likely to contract sexually transmitted diseases.
About 59,000, or 28%, of syphilis cases in 2022 were infectious forms of syphilis, of which about a quarter were reported by women and nearly another quarter were reported by heterosexual men.
“I think it’s inadvertently spreading among the heterosexual population because we don’t really test for it,” said Dr. Philip Chan, who teaches at Brown University and is chief medical officer at Open Door Health, a health center for gay, lesbian and transgender patients in Providence, Rhode Island. “We’re really not looking for that” among that population. Associated Press.
opinion:Why are sexually transmitted diseases increasing? We do a poor job of teaching sex.
When did syphilis rates start to rise?
A sexually transmitted disease that can be treated with antibiotics, syphilis, if left untreated, can eventually affect the brain and nervous system, even leading to dementia, blindness, tinnitus, and, in some cases, death.
With the use of penicillin to treat infections, cases declined in the 1950s. But rates of total syphilis cases began to rise in 2012.
Since bottoming out in 2000 and 2001, the rate of more contagious forms of syphilis (primary and secondary syphilis) has risen almost annually and is up 9.3% from 2021 to 2022, the CDC says.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says rates of more contagious forms of syphilis have increased among men and women, among all age groups, and in all regions of the United States. Incidence rates also rose in most Hispanic/Racial ethnic groups, with the largest increases among non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native persons.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the attention paid to COVID-19 during the pandemic may have led to an increase in syphilis cases and underreporting of infections. “Such effects are likely to continue for many more years and we may never know the full impact of the epidemic on[sexually transmitted diseases],” the report says.
What are the symptoms of syphilis?
Here are some symptoms of the more contagious stages of syphilis: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
- Primary stage: You may have one or more sores where the infection entered your body (mouth, genitals, anus).
- High school: You may have a rash and/or sores in your mouth, vagina or anus – the rash could be on your hands or feet. You may also experience fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headache, weight loss, muscle pain, and fatigue.
Contributing: The Associated Press
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