Spain Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Spain Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Physical map of Spain showing its topography, state boundaries, mountains, extreme points, great lakes, rivers, important cities, etc.

Map of France, France Information

Andorra Map and Information

Algeria Map

Morocco Map

Map of Africa

Gibralter Map

Map of the Worlds Oceans

Mediterranean Sea Information

Map of Gibralter

Canary Islands

Custom made maps

Large color map of Spain

Balearic Islands

Spain map

Pyrenees Mountains

Portugal Map and Information

Bay of Biscay


Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with its western neighbor Portugal. To the north, it is bordered by France and Andorra, with the Pyrenees mountain range acting as a natural border. To the south, Morocco lies across the Strait of Gibraltar. Its eastern coast is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, while the Atlantic Ocean lies to the north and west. The total area of ​​Spain is about 505,994 square kilometers2 (195,365 mi2).

Mainland Spain consists of eight geographic regions, but the notable regions of the Balearic and Canary Islands are also important enough to merit inclusion.

Central plateau: The Central Meseta is a vast plateau in the heart of Spain. This extended high plain covers much of the country’s interior and is characterized by its relatively flat terrain interspersed with hills. The Tagus and Duero rivers cross this area, providing vital water sources for agriculture. The Central Meseta has an average elevation of about 660 meters (2,165 ft), giving it a continental climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters.

The Cantabrian Mountains (Cordillera Cantabrica) and the northwestern region: The Cantabrian Mountains stretch across northern Spain, parallel to the Bay of Biscay. These mountains are characterized by their rugged peaks, deep valleys, and dense forests. It acts as a climate buffer, bringing heavy rains to the northern coastal areas. The northwestern region, including Galicia, benefits from these mountains, ensuring that the surrounding area receives sufficient rainfall.

Iberian region: The Iberico region, which includes the Iberian Mountains, is located in northeastern Spain. These mountains, although not as high as the Pyrenees, contain large mineral deposits, especially in their northern parts. The Ebro River, one of Spain’s most important rivers, originates in this area, providing an essential waterway for transportation and irrigation. This region is famous for its diverse landscape, from rocky peaks to fertile valleys.

Pyrenees: The Pyrenees mountain range serves as the natural border between Spain and France. These mountains extend about 300 miles (490 kilometers) from the Mediterranean Sea to the Bay of Biscay, and are famous for their towering peaks, some of which reach more than 11,000 feet (3,400 meters) in height. Several major rivers, including the Garonne and the Aude, originate in the Pyrenees.

Beneptico area in the south-east: The Penibético region includes the Baetic Mountain Range in southern Spain. This region is characterized by two major mountain systems: the Sierra Nevada and the Sierra de los Villabres. The Sierra Nevada boasts the highest peak in mainland Spain, Mulhacén, which rises to 3,482 meters (11,424 feet). These mountain ranges support different ecosystems and act as watersheds.

Andalusian plain: The Andalusian Plain, located in southern Spain, is a flat and fertile area. The Guadalquivir River, one of the country’s major rivers, flows through this plain, making the land particularly suitable for agriculture. Historically, this area was important for crop production, especially olives, cereals and grapes. Its strategic location near the Strait of Gibraltar makes it an important economic region.

Ebro BasinThe Ebro Basin is centered around the Ebro River, which empties into the Mediterranean Sea. This basin is one of Spain’s main agricultural regions, producing a variety of crops thanks to its fertile soil. The river and its tributaries were essential to the development of agricultural and transportation networks in the region. The Ebro Delta, where the river meets the Mediterranean Sea, is ecologically important, supporting many bird species.

Coastal plainsSpain’s coastal plains extend along its coasts on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. These plains are often narrow and sandwiched between the sea and nearby mountain ranges. Thanks to the mild climate and fertile soil, they support agriculture, especially citrus, olive and vineyards. Furthermore, large settlements dotted these coastal plains, and over time, they developed into important centers of trade, political focus, and social infrastructure.

Balearic Islands: This autonomous community is an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, east of the Spanish mainland. Comprised of major islands such as Mallorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera, these islands are characterized by their limestone landscapes, fertile plains and coastal cliffs. They play an important role in Spain’s tourism industry, attracting millions of visitors annually. The surrounding sea also contributes to the islands’ moderate climate and rich marine biodiversity.

Canary Islands: The Canary Islands are another autonomous archipelago belonging to Spain, although they are located off the northwest coast of Africa. These volcanic islands, including major islands such as Tenerife, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote, boast stunning landscapes, from black-sand beaches to towering volcanoes. Interestingly, Teide Peak in Tenerife is the highest point on Spanish territory 3,715 m (12,188 ft). The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate, making them a popular tourist destination. The Canary Current, a major ocean current in the North Atlantic, affects the climate and marine life around these islands.

Waterbodies: Besides the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Bay of Biscay to the north, and the Alboran Sea, the country has a series of major rivers. The Tagus River originates in Spain and flows into Portugal, making it the longest. The Ebro River passes through the northeast, emptying into the Mediterranean Sea, and the Guadalquivir River passes through southern Andalusia, which helps agriculture. Other notable rivers include the Duero and Jocar, each of which plays an important geographical role.

In terms of lakes, Lake Sanabria is the largest glacial lake on the Iberian Peninsula. Lake Albufeira, near Valencia, is a shallow lake, while the Covadonga Lakes consist of Lake Inol and Lake Ercina in the Picos de Europa mountain range. Lake Banyoles in Catalonia is another major natural lake. Spain also contains several reservoirs important for water management.

Spain communities map

Spain (officially the Kingdom of Spain) is divided into 17 autonomous regions (Autonomous communitieshe sings. Autonomy(and two independent cities)Autonomous citieshe sings. Autonomous city). The autonomous regions are: Andalusia, Catalonia (Catalan), Madrid, Valenciana Communities (Valencian Community), Galicia, Castilla-León, Euscadi (Basque Country), Castilla-La Mancha, Canary Islands (Canary Islands), Murcia, Aragon. Extremadura, Elles Baleares (Balearic Islands), Asturias, Navarre (Castile), Cantabria and La Rioja. The two autonomous cities are: Ceuta and Melilla. Autonomous communities are also divided into smaller districts and subdivisions.

With an area of ​​505,990 square kilometres, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe and the fourth largesty The largest country on the continent of Europe. It is also 2Second abbreviation The largest country in Western Europe and the European Union. Spain has a population of more than 47 million, making it the sixth largesty The 4th most populous country in Europey The most populous country in the European Union. Located in the central part of the country, Madrid is the capital, the largest and most populous city in Spain. Madrid is also the cultural, administrative and economic center of Spain. Madrid serves as an important financial center for southern Europe.

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