Niger Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Niger Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Physical map of Niger with state borders.  It shows the natural features of Niger with its topography, major mountain peaks, rivers, lakes, major cities, etc.

sahara desert









burkina faso

large niger map


Niger is a landlocked country located in West Africa. It has an area of ​​1,267,000 square kilometers and is roughly divided into two halves by the Sahara Desert. Niger shares borders with seven separate countries. Niger is surrounded by Libya, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Mali and Chad. Niger’s climate is very dry with wetter, arable areas in the south.

Air mountainsLocated in the north of the country, the Sahara Desert is interspersed in a north-south direction by a series of nine rocky massifs. The country’s highest point, the 2,022-metre Mount Idocal-en-Tages (shown on map), is located in the south-central region of the Aire Mountains. Another high area is found to the northeast and includes a series of high plateaus including Djado, Mangweni and Chigai in a west to east direction. The Ténéré Desert (shown on map), part of the Sahara, is covered in a layer of erg and ridge.

Sahel region Dominating the southern geography of Niger, this biome extends from the southwestern border with Burkina Faso to Lake Chad in the southeast. This region is a transition zone between the Sahara Desert of the north and the more fertile grasslands and forests that can be found in sub-Saharan Africa.

Niger River It is the main river in the country and has the lowest point in the country at 200 metres. Many of Niger’s major cities and urban centers can be found along its western border along the river including the capital, Niamey. The Niger River Basin and the Lake Chad Basin are the major drainage basins of Niger.

Niger map regions

Niger has seven main administrative divisions called regions. They are Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillaberi and Zinder. The country also has a capital region called Niamey which serves as the national capital.

Niger’s regions are divided into departments and municipalities. Many other smaller sections make governance more convenient. With an area of ​​667,799 square kilometres, Agadez is Niger’s largest region by area while Zinder is the most populous region.

Where is Niger?

A map showing the location of Niger in the world.

Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian Tropic of Cancer Niger

Niger is the largest country in West Africa. It is a landlocked country located in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Seven countries border Niger. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria in the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Algeria and Mali connect the country to the northwest while Benin and Burkina Faso form its southwestern borders.

Countries bordering Niger: Nigeria, Libya, Chad, Mali, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Benin.

Regional maps: African map

Outline map of Niger

Key facts

Legal name Republic of Niger
Flag of Niger
Capital Niamey
13 31N, 07 2E
The total area 1,000,000.00 km2
Land area 1,266,700.00 km2
Water area 300.00 km2
population 23,310,715

Major cities

  1. Niamey (1,437,233)
  2. Zehnder (571,537)
currency CFA Franc (XOF)
gross domestic product $12.93 billion
GDP per capita $554.60

This page was last updated on December 9, 2023

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