NASA has found a super-Earth. He’s in a confusing place.

NASA has found a super-Earth.  He’s in a confusing place.

NASA’s telescope orbiting our planet has discovered an interesting super-Earth, a world 30 to 70 percent larger than Earth.

This rocky planet is located in another solar system, 137 light-years away, which is considered relatively close in space (a light-year is equivalent to approximately 137 light-years). 6 trillion miles). The exoplanet, called TOI-715 b, is about 1.5 times the size of Earth. Most importantly, this world orbits within the habitable or “Goldilocks” zone.

“This is the distance from the star that could give the planet the right temperature for liquid water to form on its surface,” NASA explained on its website. “Several other factors must line up, of course, for surface water to be present, especially the presence of a suitable atmosphere.”

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TOI-715 b orbits very close to its star (each orbit lasts just 19 days) – but scientists don’t think it’s a hellish, scorching world, like some other exoplanets. This is because its star is a “red dwarf”, which is cooler and smaller than our average-sized star, the Sun.

Researchers published the discovery of the planet in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. From millions of light-years away, we can only see this distant world as a dark dot when it periodically passes in front of its red dwarf star, but NASA has created a rendering of what TOI-715 b might look like below:

Speed ​​of light mashable

Artist's concept of TOI-715 b super-Earth.

Artist’s concept of TOI-715 b super-Earth.
Image source: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The space observatory that found TOI-715 b, NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), is designed to search for exoplanets that pass in front of their stars. This reveals their existence and the properties of other planets.

Rocky worlds around cooler red dwarfs are ideal places to look for environments that could host conditions suitable for life, because they tend to have shorter years (such as 19 days), and these fast orbits offer better odds for a telescope like TESS to discover them. Cross them.

“Right now, this is the best bet for finding habitable planets,” NASA explained.

“Right now, they are your best bet for finding habitable planets.”

Astronomers plan to further investigate TOI-175 b using the powerful James Webb Space Telescope, an observatory located about a million miles from Earth. Webb has the ability to peer inside the atmospheres of distant exoplanets, and better reveal what these worlds might look like.

We have a lot to learn about super-Earths like TOI-175 b.

“They are really very exciting planets,” Renyu Hu, an exoplanet researcher at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, told Mashable in 2022.

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