Maps and facts of Senegal – World Atlas

Maps and facts of Senegal – World Atlas

Physical map of Senegal with state borders.  It shows the physical features of Senegal including its terrain, mountain ranges, rivers and major cities.


large senegal map



guinea bissau

the gambia

atlantic ocean

Senegal is a country located in West Africa. It shares its northern borders with Mauritania, its eastern borders with Mali, its southern borders with Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, and its western borders with the Atlantic Ocean. To the northwest, it surrounds the small country of Gambia, forming an enclave around the Gambia River. Senegal has an area of ​​about 196,712 square kilometers2 (75,951 miles2).

Cap Vert Peninsula: The westernmost point on the African continent is located in Senegal, specifically on the Cap Vert Peninsula. This peninsula extends into the Atlantic Ocean and is important for its unique geographical orientation. Dakar, the capital of Senegal, is located on this peninsula and benefits from a coastal climate moderated by sea breezes.

Sahel region: Moving inland, one encounters the Sahel, which acts as a transition zone between the Sahara Desert in the north and the more fertile lands in the south. This region has a semi-arid landscape characterized by sparse vegetation, and rainfall here is relatively low and unpredictable. This area is dominated by pastures and thorny shrubs. Pawnee’s Ridge, the highest point in Senegal, is located 2.7 km southeast of Nepean Dikha, reaching an elevation of 648 meters (2,126 ft).

Sudanese region: South of the Sahel region lies the Sudanese region. This area receives more rainfall than the Sahel and has a savannah landscape with grasslands interspersed with trees. The Sudanese region forms a belt extending across the continent and offers better agricultural opportunities due to its more suitable soil and climatic conditions.

Casamance Region: The southernmost region of Senegal, Casamance, has a tropical climate with a more defined rainy season. This region is characterized by its dense forests and wetlands compared to other geographical regions in Senegal. The Casamance River, from which the region takes its name, is important for travel and drinking water.

Main bodies of water and rivers: Senegal boasts a variety of important rivers and bodies of water. The most prominent of which is the Senegal River, which forms the northern border with Mauritania. This river is vital for agriculture, transportation and fishing. In addition, the Gambia River flows through central Senegal, and is surrounded by the country on both sides except for its passage through the Gambia.

The Salloum Delta, located north of the Gambia River, is another important geographical feature. This delta is a complex network of water channels, mangrove forests and islands.

Regions of Senegal map

Senegal has four levels of administrative divisions. At the top of the hierarchy are the country’s 14 regions that take their name from the regional capitals. They are in alphabetical order as follows: Dakar, Diourbel, Vatik, Caverin, Kaolac, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhou, Tambacounda, Thiès, Ziguinchor.

These regions are further divided into 45 divisions which are then further subdivided into smaller administrative divisions.

With an area of ​​42,364 square kilometres, Tambacounda is the largest region in the country by area. Dakar, which hosts the national capital Dakar, is the most populous region in the country.

Where is Senegal?

A map showing the location of Senegal in the world.

Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian Tropic of Cancer Tunisia

Senegal is a West African country located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by four countries; Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, and Guinea-Bissau to the north, east, southeast, and southwest, respectively. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Senegal almost surrounds the small country of Gambia.

Countries bordering Senegal: Mali, Mauritania, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea.

Regional maps: African map

Outline map of Senegal

Key facts

Legal name Republic of Senegal
Flag of Senegal
Capital Dakar
14 44N, 17 38W
The total area 196,722.00 km2
Land area 192,530.00 km2
Water area 4,192.00 km2
population 16,296,364

Major cities

  1. Dakar (3,429,536)
  2. Theis (412,088)
  3. Rufisk (387,650)
currency CFA Franc (XOF)
gross domestic product $23.58 billion
GDP per capita $1,446.83

This page was last updated on October 23, 2023

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