Maps and facts of Sao Tome and Principe

Maps and facts of Sao Tome and Principe

Physical map of Sao Tome and Principe showing its main islands, surrounding bodies of water, relief, and relative position of major cities.

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Sao Tome and Principe, one of Africa’s smallest countries, is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. Its total area is about 1,001 square kilometers and its coastline is about 209 kilometers long. As shown on the physical map of the country, it includes two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, from where the name of the country is derived. These islands are separated by a distance of about 181.55 km, and are surrounded by many small islands that form archipelagos. Being an island country, it does not share any land borders but is very close to Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.

St. Thomas It is the largest island in the country and is located directly above the equator as shown on the map above. It is more mountainous than Principe. The highest peak here (Pico de Sao Tome) is 2,024 meters and is also the highest point in the country. The highest point in Principe is 948 m. Both islands are part of a long-extinct volcanic chain. At 0 metres, the Atlantic Ocean is the lowest elevation in the country.

Rivers and lakes They are almost non-existent on every island but there is an abundance of small streams and streams that wind throughout the country. São Tomé and Principe have a generally humid and hot climate with an average annual temperature of around 27 °C (80.6 °F) and an average annual rainfall of 5,000 mm (196.9 in). The rainy season lasts between October and May.

Smaller islands Shown on the map are the islands of Tinhosa, Ilhéo das Cabras and Ilhéo das Rolas. The Tinhosa Islands are part of the UNESCO Principe Island Biosphere Reserve. Ilhéo das Cabras is a small island with hills and a lighthouse located to the northeast of São Tomé. Ilhéo das Rolas is located off the southern tip of São Tomé and is also an uninhabited island.

Map areas of Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe has six administrative regions. They are agua grande, cantagallo, cay, lemba, lobata, and mi-zucchi. They are all located on Sao Tome Island. The island of Principe has only had one district since 1980 called Baghi but in 1995, it was replaced by the Autonomous District of Principe. With an area of ​​267 square kilometres, Kaveh is the largest region in the country but the least populated. With an area of ​​just 16.5 square kilometres, Agua Grande is the smallest region in the country but the most populous. Its capital, Sao Tome, is also the national capital.

Where is Sao Tome and Principe located?

Map showing the location of Sao Tome and Principe in the world.

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The island nation of Sao Tome and Principe is located in the Gulf of Guinea off the western tropical coast of Central Africa. As shown in the location map, the country straddles the equator with regions on either side of the equator. In terms of its longitudinal location, it is located in the eastern hemisphere. It includes two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, each surrounded by many smaller islands to form two archipelagos.

Regional maps: African map

Detailed map of Sao Tome and Principe

Key facts

Legal name Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
science
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe
Capital Sao Tome
0 20 n, 6 44 e
The total area 964.00 km2
Land area 964.00 km2
Water area nothing
population 215,056
currency Folds (STD)
gross domestic product $429.02 million
GDP per capita $1,994.91

This page was last updated on December 17, 2023

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