Mapping the hottest temperatures around the world | Climate crisis news

Mapping the hottest temperatures around the world |  Climate crisis news

At least 22 countries recorded maximum temperatures of 50 °C (122 °F) or higher. Al Jazeera looks at the hottest places on Earth.

Monday, July 3, was the hottest day on record globally, according to data from the US National Centers for Environmental Prediction.

The average global temperature reached 17.01 °C (62.62 °F), surpassing the August 2016 record of 16.92 °C (62.46 F) as summers warmed in the Northern Hemisphere.

Authorities reported an uptick in heat-related deaths as temperatures topped 40 C (104 F) in many places this summer.

An elderly person suffering from a heat-related illness is carried on a stretcher to the government district hospital in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh state, India on June 19, 2023. More than 100 people have died in Uttar Pradesh state and dozens in neighboring Bihar state due to the disease. For heat-related illnesses (Rajesh Kumar Singh/AP Photo)

Highest temperatures ever recorded

Currently, the highest officially recorded temperature is 56.7 °C (134 F), recorded in Death Valley, California in 1913. The highest known temperature in Africa is 55 °C (131 F), recorded in Kebili, Tunisia in 1931 Iran holds the record for the hottest temperatures in Asia. The official temperature was 54°C (129°F), which was recorded in 2017.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Europe was 48.8°C (119.8°F) on the Italian island of Sicily on August 11, 2021. On July 19, 2022, the United Kingdom recorded its highest temperature ever, reaching 40.2°C (104.4°F). . According to its meteorological office.

In 2020, Seymour Island in Antarctica recorded a maximum temperature of 20.7 degrees Celsius (69.3 Fahrenheit). According to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization, temperatures on the Antarctic Peninsula have risen by about 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 Fahrenheit) over the past 50 years.

The map below shows the highest temperatures ever recorded in every country around the world. At least 22 countries recorded maximum temperatures of 50 °C (122 °F) or higher.

(Al Jazeera)

How is temperature measured?

The temperature you see on the news or the weather app on your phone is based on a network of weather stations located around the world.

To ensure accurate readings, weather stations use specialized platinum resistance thermometers placed in shaded instruments known as a Stevenson screen 1.25-2 meters (4-6 feet) above the ground.

There are two well-known scales used to measure temperature: Celsius and Fahrenheit.

Only a few countries, including the United States, use Fahrenheit as their official scale. Most of the rest of the world uses the Celsius scale, named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius who invented the 0 to 100 degree freezing and boiling point scale in 1742.

(Al Jazeera)

The world is getting hotter

The global mean surface temperature in 2020 tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record. Collectively, the past eight years have been the warmest since modern record-keeping began in the 1880s, according to NASA.

This annual temperature data makes up the global temperature record, which tells scientists that the planet is warming.

According to NASA’s temperature record, Earth’s average surface temperature in 2022 ties with 2015 as the fifth warmest temperature on record.

(Al Jazeera)

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