Madagascar Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Madagascar Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Physical map of Madagascar showing state boundaries, relief, highest point, important cities and major rivers.

mozambique channel

large madagascar map

tropic of capricorn

Madagascar is located off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean, and is the second largest island country in the world. It covers an area of ​​592,800 square kilometers. The country can be divided into three parallel longitudinal physiological zones. The coastal strip to the east, the central plateau, and the western areas of low plateaus and plains.

East coast of Madagascar It has a narrow, steep escarpment running along its length, and the island’s remaining tropical rainforest is located here. Along the island’s western coast, mangrove swamps give way to deeper bays. Moving inland, the central highlands are dotted with grassy, ​​forested hills bordering valleys known for growing rice and other foodstuffs.

Tsaratana Massif The area at the northern tip of the island is home to the highest point in Madagascar, Maromokotro at 2,876 metres. The point is marked on the map with a yellow right triangle. In the centre, the Ankara Tra massif (shown on the map) is a large volcanic massif with its highest peak at 2,643 metres. The lowest point in Madagascar is the Indian Ocean at 0 metres

Major rivers of Madagascar Includes Mananara, Manjuro Sambirano, Mahagamba, Betsibuka, Manya, North and South Mahavavi, Manjoki, Onilahi, and Ikoba; Lakes include Alaotra, Kinkuni Lake and Ihotri Lake.

Isalo and Masoala National Parks It can be found in the southern and northeastern parts of Madagascar. Both parks are home to some of the rarest animals, birds and animals on the island. Including the ever-famous lemurs that can only be found in Madagascar.

Madagascar provinces map

Madagascar is divided into 6 provinces (varietane). In alphabetical order, these are Antananarivo, Ankaranana, Fianarantsoa, ​​Mahajanja, Toamasina and Toliara. Antananarivo is the largest city in the country as well as the country’s capital. This sprawling city can be found in the Antananarivo region.

Where is Madagascar?

A map showing the location of Madagascar in the world.

Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian Tropic of Cancer Madagascar

Madagascar is an island country in Africa. It is located about 400 km off the coast of East Africa in the Indian Ocean and the nearest African country is Mozambique. It is located in the southern and eastern hemispheres. The island of Mauritius and Reunion (territories of France) are located east of Madagascar. To the northwest are the French territories of Mayotte and the island of Comoros.

Regional maps: African map

Outline map of Madagascar

Key facts

Legal name Republic of Madagascar
Flag of Madagascar
Capital Antananarivo
18 55 AH, 47 31 AH
The total area 587,041.00 km2
Land area 581,540.00 km2
Water area 5,501.00 km2
population 26,969,307

Major cities

  1. Antananarivo (3,872,264)
  2. Toamasina (505,261)
  3. Antsirabe (408,590)
currency Madagascar Ariary (MGA)
gross domestic product $14.08 billion
GDP per capita $522.22

This page was last updated on December 5, 2023

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