Ghana Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Ghana Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Physical map of Ghana showing state boundaries, terrain, Lake Volta, extreme points, important cities and more.

cote d'ivoire

burkina faso

large ghana map



atlantic ocean

Ghana: Its total area is about 238,540 km22 (Or about 92,101 miles2) is located on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the West African subregion. The country shares its borders with three countries: Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Ghana’s southern coast extends 537 kilometers along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean.

The country’s geographic landscape is primarily divided into four distinct regions: the Coastal Plain, Ashanti Highlands, Volta Basin, and Northern Plains.

Coastal plainAlso referred to as the Accra Plains, it is located adjacent to the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is characterized by its low sandy beaches extending from east to west. The area consists of lagoons, wetlands and mangroves, providing important habitats for various species of birds and sea turtles. As an important commercial centre, the region’s urban areas, including the bustling city of Accra, Ghana’s capital, demonstrate the integration of urbanization and natural terrain.

Ashanti Uplands RegionThe Ashanti Plateau and Kwahu form the geographical backbone of Ghana. This mountainous region, located in the southern half of the country, is known for its undulating terrain, whose peaks and valleys form the source of several rivers, including the Pra, Ovin and Ankobra. Cocoa, one of Ghana’s major export crops, thrives in the fertile soil of this region.

Volta Basin It occupies the central part of Ghana, which is named after the Volta River system. This basin consists of low plains interspersed with ridges and ranges. The terrain also includes the Akuapem-Togo mountain range, which runs parallel to the eastern border with Togo. Regarding some of these elevations in the basin, Mount Avagato rises only 885 m but is still the highest point in the country. The landscape in this region is dominated by Lake Volta, one of the largest artificial lakes in the world, formed by the Akosombo Dam on the Volta River. This lake plays a pivotal role in the country’s economy, providing hydroelectric power, serving as an important waterway for transportation, and providing a resource for fishing.

Northern plains, also referred to as the savanna zone, extends in the northern part of Ghana. This area experiences a semi-arid climate, with one rainy season, resulting in a sparse vegetation consisting mainly of grasslands and baobab trees. The White Volta and Black Volta rivers cross these plains, providing irrigation for agricultural activities in this predominantly agricultural region.

WaterbodiesFormed by the Akosombo Dam and completed in 1965, Lake Volta is the largest reservoir by surface area in the world and the fourth largest by water volume. It is located entirely within Ghana, and its area is approximately 8,502 square kilometers2This dwarfs other lakes in Ghana such as Bosomtwe. The country also has several important rivers, including the Volta and its tributaries, the White Volta and the Black Volta, as well as the Ankbra, Tano, Bra, and Dinso. These rivers, each flowing into the Gulf of Guinea, contribute significantly to irrigation, fishing and transportation within the country. Ghana also has some small islands such as Dodi Island located in Lake Volta.

Ghana map regions

Ghana is divided into 16 regions which are divided into 212 districts and then into unit councils and commissions.

Ghana’s 16 regions are Ahafo, Ashanti, Bono, Bono East, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, North East, Northern, Oti, Savannah, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, West, and North West.

The national capital, Accra, is located in the Greater Accra Region.

Where is Ghana located?

A map showing Ghana's location in the world.

Europe Middle East Africa Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian Tropic of Cancer Ghana

Ghana is a country in West Africa. Located in the Northern Hemisphere. The Prime Meridian passes through it. The three countries of Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo border Ghana to the west, north, and east, respectively. The country has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south.

Countries bordering Ghana: Burkina Faso, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire.

Regional maps: African map

Outline map of Ghana

Key facts

Legal name Republic of Ghana
Flag of Ghana
Capital Accra
533N, 013W
The total area 238,533.00 km2
Land area 227,533.00 km2
Water area 11,000.00 km2
population 30,417,856

Major cities

  1. Kumasi (3,768,239)
  2. Accra (2,660,072)
  3. Seconds (1,077,929)
  4. Tamale (729,768)
currency Cedis (GHC)
gross domestic product $66.98 billion
GDP per capita $2,202.12

This page was last updated on August 8, 2023

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