Everything you want to know

Everything you want to know

Fatal fungal infection

The pathogen usually infects individuals with weakened immune systems.

A deadly fungal infection called Candida auris is spreading rapidly in the United States, with four people testing positive in Washington state this month. Despite its rarity, doctors warn that the infection remains serious due to its high mortality rate, drug resistance, and ability to spread easily in health care facilities, according to a 2019 report. NBC News.

After the first case was confirmed on Jan. 10, the Seattle and King County Public Health Agency said Tuesday that it had found three more cases of Candida auris infections last week.

The pathogen usually infects individuals with weakened immune systems and is resistant to many common antifungal drugs. It is often contracted by patients in hospitals who use feeding tubes, breathing tubes, or catheters.

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), it can cause infections in various parts of the body such as the bloodstream, open wounds, and ears. The location and level of infection determines the symptoms. The bacterial infection may cause symptoms similar to Candida auris. However, there is no typical set of signs and symptoms associated with infection.

Fungal infections can be found on the skin and other body sites without the person becoming sick. This is often called “colonization,” as a person is likely to pass it on to others without necessarily getting the disease. “A colonized person can still transmit C. auris to surfaces or objects they touch, which can then spread it to other sick people,” the CDC said on its website.

If the patient is colonized or infected, he or she should be placed in a room separate from those at risk. The room should be cleaned with disinfectants, and the caregiver should wear gloves and gowns. People should use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash their hands before entering and leaving the room of a Candida auris patient and before and after contact with the patient or the patient’s medical devices to prevent spread.

Cases of Candida auris, which was discovered in Japan 15 years ago, have risen dramatically in the past few years. In 2022, it infected 2,377 people compared to 53 people in 2016, the outlet said. The rapid spread of the fungus in most U.S. states and 40 countries has prompted the CDC and WHO to describe it as a growing threat. In 2021, the fungus infected 1,471 people, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

(Tags for translation) Candida auris

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