Epidemiological and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific region as of 28 November 2023 – World

Epidemiological and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific region as of 28 November 2023 – World

Attachments

Highlights/updates since the last map was posted on PacNet on November 21, 2023:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Due to the evolving nature of COVID-19 testing, vaccination and reporting strategies across the Pacific region, the data reported may not reflect the true situation in the country.

  • French Polynesia: In week 46, 39 new cases were discovered out of 126 tests performed, with a positivity rate of 28.7%, and an infection rate of 14 per 100,000 people. Two cases were hospitalized and one was in the intensive care unit. The circulating Omicron subvariants identified in the samples are XBB.1.5, EG.5.1 (ERIS) and the most recently known subvariant, JN.1 (derived from BA.2.86). An increase in detected cases has been observed since week 43 and as a result, Added red alert on map. – Source: French Polynesia Health Surveillance Bulletin No. 44-2023 published on the pacnet website on November 25, 2023.

Dengue fever

  • Palau: As of November 27, 2023, there have been 3 probable and 7 confirmed cases of DENV-2 infection reported, with no new confirmed cases detected between October 26 and November 26. It has been 4 weeks since any cases were reported, and as a result, the The blue alert is removed. – Source: Dengue Situation Report, Palau, August-November 2023 – November 27, 2023.

Influenza A and B

  • Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI): The number of cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) increased from 47 cases at week 45 to 61 cases at week 46. Testing confirmed the following: 4 cases of influenza A, 11 cases of influenza B, 4 cases of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other specific aetiology The blue alert is maintained. – Source: CNMI Weekly Monitoring Report 2023 – Epi Week 46 published on PacNet on November 22, 2023.

other information:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

  • Tonga: There was an increase in the number of cases from 12 cases in week 44 to 18 cases in week 46. Tonga continues to operate under green light status, with no serious cases reported. Samples were collected and sent for whole genome sequencing (WGS) on 11/21/2023. – Source: Ministry of Health of Tonga – 46th Epidemiological and Syndromic Disease Surveillance Week (11/13 – 11/19)

Dengue fever

  • Fiji: The Ministry of Health is facing a spike in dengue cases, with Health Minister Dr. Antonio Lalapalavu reporting 5,571 cases this year compared to 4,835 cases in the same period last year. Despite the increase in trends, especially during the rainy season, the Ministry has implemented monitoring programs and operations, and Dr. Lalapalavu assures that timely treatment is being provided to prevent unnecessary admission to hospital. – Source: LTDD on the rise – FBC News Accessed November 28, 2023.

Influenza A

  • French Polynesia: At week 46, 7 new influenza A cases were detected out of 62 tests performed. Two cases were hospitalized, one of them in the intensive care unit. There has been a slight increase in influenza activity, but it is still considered very moderate. The influenza vaccination campaign began on October 23, 2023. – Source: French Polynesian Health Surveillance Bulletin No. 44-2023 published on PacNet on November 25, 2023.

respiratory system diseases

  • China: Since mid-October 2023, the World Health Organization has been monitoring an increase in respiratory illnesses in children in northern China. China’s National Health Commission attributed this rise to the lifting of Covid-19 restrictions and the beginning of the cold season, citing known pathogens such as influenza, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV). -2). Following reports of clusters of undiagnosed pneumonia, the World Health Organization requested data from China, which, on 23 November, revealed an increase in outpatient consultations and hospital admissions for various types of respiratory infections, leading to enhanced surveillance measures. And public health. – Source: Rise of respiratory diseases among children – North China (who.int) accessed on November 28, 2023.

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