Epidemiological and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific region as of 14 November 2023 – World

Epidemiological and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific region as of 14 November 2023 – World

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Highlights/updates since the last map was posted on PacNet on November 07, 2023:

Dengue fever:

  • Palau: As of November 13, a total of 7 dengue cases with no travel history have been detected. All cases were admitted to the medical ward, treated, and have since recovered. The last case was detected on October 26, and it has been more than two weeks since the last reported case. as a result of, The star is removed, and The alert has changed to blue. – Source: Personal communication with a Qatari official dated November 13, 2023.

Influenza A:

  • Tuvalu: As of November 14, the number of influenza-like illnesses continued to fall below the threshold level, and the Ministry of Health declared the outbreak over. as a result of, The alert has been removed. – Source: Personal communication with a Qatari official dated November 14, 2023.

Influenza A and B:

  • Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI): At week 44, there was a decrease in influenza cases, with a total of 40 cases compared to 67 cases at week 43. Of these cases, laboratory testing confirmed 5 cases of influenza B, 4 cases of influenza A, and 1 case of influenza A. & B, two cases of pneumonia, and the remaining cases are upper respiratory tract infections, respiratory syncytial virus, otitis media, bronchitis, and Streptococcus. The blue alert is maintained – Source: CNMI Syndrome Surveillance Report, Epidemiological Week 44 (October 29 – November 4, 2023).

Zika virus:

  • Solomon Islands: An additional case was discovered at the end of October, bringing the total number to 8 cases. It has been two weeks since the last case was discovered, and as a result, The star is removed and the alert changes to blue. – Source: Personal communication with a Qatari official dated November 14, 2023.

other information:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Due to the evolving nature of COVID-19 testing, vaccination and reporting strategies across the Pacific region, the data reported may not reflect the true situation in the country.

  • Australia, Northern Territory: COVID-19 cases are increasing in the Northern Territory and across Australia, with weakened immunity from previous infections and vaccinations contributing to a surge in cases. Recent outbreaks have been observed in various institutions and a rise in hospitalizations has been observed, prompting practitioners to consider antiviral therapy for eligible patients. Despite the importance of vaccination in protecting the community, the Northern Territory has low coronavirus vaccination coverage, highlighting the urgent need to increase immunization rates, particularly among individuals over 75 years of age who have risk factors for serious disease. – Source: Covid-19 | NT Health Accessed 14 November 2023.

  • French Polynesia: During pandemic week S44, 11 new confirmed cases of COVID-19 were reported among 79 test results, reflecting an increase compared to recent weeks, with a positivity rate of 15%. The EG.5.1 (ERIS) subvariant, initially identified in S42, has resurfaced in S44, and the XBB.1.5 subvariant continues to spread. To address emerging variants, a single dose of the new Comirnaty Omicron® XBB.1.5 vaccine is recommended, especially for individuals over 60 years of age and people at risk. – Source: French Polynesian Health Surveillance Bulletin No. 44-2023

Human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV)

  • Fiji: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV has increased, with 14 children under the age of four diagnosed last year, raising concerns expressed by Fiji’s Minister of Health, Dr Atonio Lalapalavu. The high number of AIDS-related deaths, which reached a record 46, further highlights the seriousness of the situation. In addition, urgent calls have been made for pregnant mothers and their partners to get tested for HIV, as Fiji faces a major challenge in combating the escalating HIV epidemic, with 245 new cases recorded in 2022, representing a 100% increase compared to the previous year. . This makes it the second fastest growing epidemic in the Asia-Pacific region. – Source: HIV cases in Fiji have increased by 260% since 2010, making Fiji the second fastest growing epidemic in the Asia-Pacific region (fijivillage.com) Accessed 14 November 2023.

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