Can you get cancer like King Charles III? Ways to know if you feel okay in the United States

Can you get cancer like King Charles III?  Ways to know if you feel okay in the United States

By Emily Gushue, health correspondent for Dailymail.Com

16:59 10 February 2024, updated 22:05 10 February 2024

King Charles III sent shock waves through the world this week when he announced his battle with unspecified cancer.

On the same day, country music legend Toby Keith died of stomach cancer at age 62, a form of the disease that has a survival rate of just 32 percent.

On Friday, OJ Simpson announced that he had been diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Cancer cases are on the rise in the United States, with a report published last month estimating that two million Americans will develop cancer this year.

This has been greatly exacerbated by an outbreak of cases among young people, including the rare appendix cancer that killed Designated Survivor star Adan Cantu last month at the age of 42.

Amid the alarming increases in celebrity deaths, many Americans worry that they, too, could be living with a silent killer cancer.

King Charles III (75 years old) announced this week that he had an unspecified type of cancer

Although trials of universal screening methods look promising, experts warn that most cancers cannot be screened for with a routine blood test.

However, there are some forms of the disease that offer routine screening. Here’s how to test them.

breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in both the United States and the world.

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimates there will be more than 300,000 new cases this year, along with 43,700 deaths.

According to the Mayo Clinic, signs of breast cancer include a lump that looks different from the surrounding tissue, a change in the shape or appearance of the breast, an inverted nipple, peeling or peeling of the pigmented skin around the nipple, and redness or pitting around the nipple. Breast skin.

Mortality rates fell by 43% between 1989 and 2020, after successful public health awareness campaigns, better screening and new medications.

Nine out of 10 patients are expected to be alive after five years.

Breast cancer is detected with X-rays called a mammogram. This involves placing the breasts between metal sheets to flatten them and obtaining images from above and from the sides.

Currently, all women between the ages of 50 and 74 are recommended to have a mammogram every two years.

In May, a leading health panel recommended lowering the age at which women are regularly screened for breast cancer using mammograms from 50 to 40.

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) said an additional 20 million women in their 40s would benefit from mammograms every two years.

This change would save 20 percent more lives, according to the USPSTF, which drafted the proposal in response to rising rates among middle-aged women.

The test is usually carried out in a GP surgery or hospital. According to the CDC, most insurance plans are required to cover screening every one to two years starting at age 40.

Prostate cancer

OJ Simpson announced on Friday that he has been diagnosed with prostate cancer
Dexter Scott King, the youngest son of Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King, died last month after a battle with prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is the most common form of the disease in men.

Health care providers warn that the disease is difficult to detect, because it often causes no symptoms at first. The signs usually reflect an enlarged prostate, which tends to affect older men.

However, the ACS states that early warning signs include problems urinating. This may include needing to urinate frequently, especially at night, or having a slow or weak urinary stream.

It may also be difficult to start urinating or men may feel as if the bladder has not completely emptied. You may also find yourself running to the bathroom with an increased urge to urinate.

As the disease progresses, people may develop pain during urination, loss of bladder and bowel control, painful ejaculation, inability to get an erection, pain in the testicles, and blood in the urine or semen.

Experts estimate it will strike 300,000 American men this year and kill more than 35,000, most of them over the age of 65 — and the American Cancer Society (ACS) says rates are rising by about three percent each year.

Exclusively: Doctors misdiagnosed colon cancer symptoms as “fatigue” and “hemorrhoids.”

A Missouri woman has warned “healthy, active” young people to “listen to their bodies”, after doctors described colon cancer symptoms as fatigue and hemorrhoids.

Prostate cancer can be detected by a blood test or digital rectal examination.

The blood test measures prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein made by cells in the prostate gland. It is found mostly in semen, although small amounts are found in the blood. As PSA increases, the risk of prostate cancer also increases.

During a digital rectal exam, your doctor inserts a gloved finger into your rectum to feel for any bumps or hard areas in the prostate that could be cancerous. This is because the prostate is located directly in front of the rectum.

However, the ACS states that a digital rectal exam is less accurate than a PSA test.

The ACS recommends screening for all men at average risk for prostate cancer starting at age 50. However, people at high risk, including black men or those whose father or brother was diagnosed before age 65, should start at age 45.

Those at highest risk, including men who have more than one brother or father and sister with prostate cancer, as well as men with a BRCA mutation, are screened starting at age 40.

Most men should be tested every two to three years.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the deadliest form of the disease in the United States.

It is responsible for one in five cancer deaths, followed by colorectal cancer, which causes one in 10 cancer deaths.

About 53 percent of cases are diagnosed when the disease has spread to multiple other organs.

Only one in four lung cancer patients survive after five years.

Signs of lung cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute, include chest pain or discomfort, a persistent cough, difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing up blood, loss of appetite, unintentional weight loss, fatigue or lethargy, difficulty swallowing, and lung swelling. Facial or neck veins.

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, followed by exposure to passive smoking.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for all adults ages 50 to 80 who have a history of smoking at least 20 packs of cigarettes for a year or more. Screening is also suggested for those in this age group who currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years.

The disease is detected using low-dose computed tomography (CT), which should be repeated every year in people at risk.

Cervical cancer

Symptoms of cervical cancer to watch out for include unusual vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, and lower back or pelvic pain

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common form of the disease in women. However, unlike most other types of cancer that are on the rise, doctors know what causes them.

Most often, it’s caused by the common sexually transmitted infection human papillomavirus (HPV) — and there is a cure for it.

Experts estimate that the HPV vaccine is more than 90% effective, although they warn that not enough Americans are getting it.

Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, a small canal that connects a woman’s uterus to her vagina.

According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), cervical cancer often does not cause symptoms in the early stages, making it more difficult to detect.

When they occur, symptoms include bleeding after sex, after menopause, or between periods. Vaginal discharge that is watery, has a strong odor, or contains blood, as well as pelvic pain, can also occur, especially during sex.

As the cancer advances, it can cause difficulty with bowel movements or urination, back pain, leg swelling, abdominal pain, and fatigue.

The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates that nearly 14,000 cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed in 2024, along with about 4,300 deaths.

According to the ACS, cervical cancer most commonly affects women between the ages of 35 and 44, and the average age is 50.

This type of cancer is detected through a Pap smear or HPV test.

During both tests, the doctor uses an instrument called a speculum to look inside the vagina. They then collect a sample of cells and mucus from the cervix.

Both tests can be done in a doctor’s office. Experts recommend starting at age 21 and repeating it every three years.

Colorectal cancer

Data from JAMA Surgery showed that the incidence of colon cancer is expected to rise 90% in people ages 20 to 34 by 2030. Doctors aren’t sure what’s behind this mysterious rise.

Colorectal cancer rates are rising worldwide, causing an epidemic among young people.

Rates in young people are expected to double by 2030, and colorectal cancer is also expected to become the leading cause of cancer death in people under 50 years of age by the end of the decade.

This is based on data from JAMA Surgery, which found that between 2010 and 2030, colon cancer will increase by 90% in people aged 20 to 34 years. Rectal cancer will rise by 124% in the same age group.

Colorectal cancer is the third most common type in the United States and the third leading cause of death among men and women.

The American Cancer Society estimates that about 153,000 cases of colorectal cancer will be detected in 2023, including 19,500 cases among those younger than 50.

About 53,000 people are expected to die from the disease this year.

According to the ACS, symptoms include a change in bowel habits, blood in the stool, rectal bleeding, cramping or abdominal pain, weakness, fatigue, and unintended weight loss.

Amid concerns about the rising rate among younger adults, in 2021, the US Preventive Services Task Force lowered the screening age from 50 to 45.

This is usually a colonoscopy, where a camera is inserted into a person’s rectum to look for any growths or changes in the bowel.

However, patients under the age of 45 are less likely to undergo screening since they do not fall within the recommended age group.

(Signs for translation) King

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