Burkina Faso maps and facts

Burkina Faso maps and facts

Physical map of Burkina Faso showing its state boundaries, topography, major rivers, extreme points, national parks, and major cities.



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Burkina Faso, with a total area of ​​105,900 square miles (274,200 square km), is located in the heart of West Africa, a landlocked region. It shares its borders with six other countries: Mali to the north and west, Niger to the east, and Benin to the southeast, while to the south it touches Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.

The country’s geography unfolds over several distinct regions, each with its own unique characteristics. The northern region, closest to the Sahara, has semi-arid conditions, and forms part of the Sahel belt that extends across Africa. This coastal area turns to savannah as it moves south, providing a transitional ecosystem that gives way to a more fertile Sudano-Guinean region in the extreme south of the country.

The Sudanese savannah region in south and southwest Burkina Faso represents the greenest part of the country. Here, the landscape is interspersed with sparse forests and denser gallery forests. Rainfall, much higher than in the rest of the country, enriches the soil of this region, allowing a more diverse plant and agricultural growth.

Burkina Faso’s topography generally slopes from the north-west toward the south and east, creating a vast plain, an eroded landscape that is almost flat and dotted with isolated hills, the highest of which is Tina Koro at 2,451 feet (747 m). The western and southwestern regions have the most elevation, evident in the impressive sandstone cliffs and scenic waterfalls of the Banfora Escarpment.

Water resources in Burkina Faso are not abundant, but they play a crucial role in the country’s geography and the livelihood of its people. The country’s main river, the Mohun (Black Volta), flows north to south and marks the natural border with neighboring Ghana. This river, along with the Nakambi (White Volta) and Nzenon (Red Volta), forms the Volta River System, which feeds Ghana’s Lake Volta, one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. These rivers, especially the Mohun River, are fertile and indispensable for agriculture and fishing.

Burkina Faso also hosts many small seasonal rivers and streams, which fill during the rainy season and often dry up in the dry season. The country’s largest lake, Lake Bam, is located near the center of the country. It serves as a vital reservoir, especially during the dry season.

Burkina Faso map regions

Burkina Faso is divided into 13 regions, which are then divided into 45 provinces and divided into 351 municipalities.

The 13 regions are; Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades, Centre, Centre-Est, Centre-Nord, Centre-West, Centre-Sud, Est, Hauts-Bassins, Nord, Plateau-Central, Coast, Sud-West. The eastern region has an area of ​​46,694 square kilometers, while the central region is the most populated region. Ouagadougou, the national capital, is also located in the central region.

Where is Burkina Faso?

A map showing the location of Burkina Faso in the world.

Europe Middle East Africa Burkina Faso Atlantic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Mediterranean Sea Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Equator Prime Meridian worldatlas.com worldatlas.com Tropic of Cancer

Burkina Faso is a country located in West Africa in the Northern Hemisphere region of the Earth. Since it extends along the prime meridian, it has regions in the eastern and western hemispheres. It borders six countries. These are Benin and Togo to the south-east, Niger to the east, Mali to the north and west, Ivory Coast to the south-west, and Ghana to the south. Being a landlocked country, Burkina Faso has no coastline.

Countries neighboring Burkina Faso: Mali, Niger, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Côte d’Ivoire.

Regional maps: African map

Detailed map of Burkina Faso

Key facts

This page was last updated on June 14, 2023

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