Alabama Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Alabama Maps and Facts – World Atlas

Physical map of alabama.  Shows physical features of Alabama including mountain ranges, major rivers and lakes.


Alabama, located in the southeastern United States, shares borders with Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. The state’s area is approximately 52,419 square miles2 (135,767 km2).

Alabama, from north to south, is divided into five major geographic regions:

Edge of highlands: The Highland Rim, an extension of the larger Highland Rim in Tennessee, characterizes the far northwestern region of Alabama. Encompassing a small portion of the state of Alabama, this region is characterized by rolling hills and fertile valleys. It serves as a transition zone between the Appalachian highlands and the lowlands to the west. The elevation of the area varies, but it does not contain the highest or lowest points in the state.

Cumberland Plateau: The Cumberland Plateau, also known as the Appalachian Plateau, extends into northeastern Alabama. This area is characterized by rugged terrain, with many hills and valleys formed by erosion. They include Dismals Valley, a prominent geological feature that offers a glimpse into the erosional processes of ancient Appalachian mountains. The topography of the area greatly affects the local climate and vegetation.

Alabama Valley and Ridge: The Alabama Valley and Ridge region extends across the central part of the state. It is characterized by long, narrow hills and valleys extending in the northeast and southwest direction. The topography of this area results from the erosion of the Appalachian Mountains, exposing various sedimentary rocks. The highest point in Alabama, Cheaha Mountain, at 2,407 feet (733 m), is located in this area, within the Talladega National Forest.

Piedmont Upland: The Piedmont Highlands dominate east-central Alabama. This region forms part of the larger Piedmont Plateau that extends from Alabama into the northeastern United States. The landscape here is characterized by rolling hills and occasional hills, and the soil is typically less fertile than in other areas of the state. Its terrain gradually rises from the west towards the mountains of the east and northeast.

Coastal plain of the eastern Gulf: The East Gulf Coastal Plain covers much of southern Alabama, extending into the northwest corner of the state. This expansive region is characterized by rolling plains sloping toward the Gulf of Mexico. It is geologically distinct from the rest of the state, and consists mostly of sedimentary layers. This area includes the Black Belt region known for its rich, dark soil.

Islands and major bodies of water: The Tennessee, Alabama, Mobile, and Tombigbee rivers are important, providing water resources, transportation routes, and contributing to the diversity of the state’s landscapes. Major lakes include Guntersville, Wheeler, Wilson, and Lewis Smith Lakes. In addition, the state includes Dauphin Island and part of the Gulf Coast.

Counties map

The state of Alabama is divided into 67 counties. These counties, in alphabetical order, are: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Shelton, Choctaw, Clark, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecoh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Coleman. , Dell, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Green, Hill, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion , Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston.

With an area of ​​135,760 square kilometers, Alabama ranked 30thy The largest and 24y The most populous state in the United States of America. It is located in the central part of the state, on the southern shores of the Alabama River, and is the capital and second capital of the Alabama River.Second abbreviation Alabama’s most populous city. Due to its central location in the state’s Black Belt region, Montgomery serves as a processing center for a variety of crops, including soybeans, peanuts and cotton. It is also an important transportation and health care center for the entire Black Belt region of Alabama. Located in the north-central part of the state, Birmingham is the largest and most populous city in Alabama. It serves as the cultural, financial, industrial and economic center of the country.

Where is Alabama located?

Map showing the location of Alabama in the world.

The state of Alabama is located in the southeastern region of the United States. Alabama borders Georgia to the east; by the Mississippi in the west; by Tennessee in the north; And by Florida and the Gulf of Mexico in the south.

Regional maps: Map of North America

Detailed map of Alabama

Key facts

Legal name Alabama
ISO code 3166 US-AL
Capital Montgomery

Major cities

  1. Birmingham (863,311)
  2. Huntsville (407,419)
  3. Montgomery (373,698)
  4. Mobile (335,035)

This page was last updated on January 18, 2024

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